The Basic Digital Photography Lenses

Many people learn to use the various setting on their digital cameras and think that they can now take the best possible pictures. They forget that a digital camera can only apply the settings on the image it receives and the quality of the image depends on the lens used. It is easy to get confused over the huge number of different types of lenses available but to start with all you need are 4 – the rest can follow as your needs for even better photos increases.

The most common lens is the multi purpose lens with a focal range of between 35 and 70 mm – this is what most cameras are sold with – it is a good starting point but you will soon discover its limitations. These lenses produce an angle of view that is close to that of the human eye and are good enough for all kinds of basic photography – they will give you “what you see is what you get” kinds of results.

For photos of distant objects and for nature and sporting photos where you want to appear to be near the action, you will need a medium telephoto lens. These lenses are also ideal for portraits since when used for close ups the make the object of the picture stand out from the background and thus enhance the “portrait” nature of the image. Experimenting with this kind of lens will show you how changing the perspective can change the whole tone and mood of a photo. Medium telephoto lenses are available in with a focal length range of 85 – 135 mm.

A step up from medium digital photography lenses are the long telephoto ones. These normally have a focal length of between 135 – 300 mm (and more for special applications) and are the only lens you can use if you need to bring distant objects close and ensure that the resulting image is sharp and clear. These lenses are also very effective in highlighting a portion of a distant object and making it the main focus of attention in a picture.

The last of the four basic digital photography lenses is the wide angle lens with a focal length of less than 50 mm. This is the kinds of lens to use when you want a wide landscape or a panoramic shot of something like a range of mountains. They are also good for group pictures taken against wide backgrounds as they will capture the complete scene while at the same time make the group in the forefront stand out to create a better image.

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